He is the one who has endless capacity to be accommodative, forgiving, merciful, which are included in the quality (or value) called ksanti, which attitude expands one’s heart. This supposed superiority, when examined , will always be found as partial and incomplete. The Bhagavad Gita was written down at some point between 400 BCE and 200 CE. From attachment longing, and from longing anger grows. When the illegitimacy of jealousy has been seen, it will readily be susceptible to pratipaksa bhavana by deliberately thinking: “I am happy to see someone with such excellence. The doctrine of Bhagavad Gita was given to mankind by Lord Krishna in the battle of Mahabharata between Pandava and Kaurava Kings. The name Bhagavad Gita means “the song of the Lord or the ‘manifested one.’” It is composed as a poem, and it contains many key topics related to the Indian intellectual and spiritual tradition. Share Via Email. In the same measure, the essential teachings of this timeless classic can also be encapsulated in shorter timeframes based on the recipient’s receptivity. VALUE 9: “ATMAVINIGRAHA”: Mastery over the Mind: Atmavinigraha, according to Swami (Dr.) Parthasarthy, means mastery over the mind. We are all Arjunas and Lord is here as our Guru, We must study this "Tattva-Sastram"and follow in our daily life. VALUE 10: “INDRIYARTHESU VAIRAGYAM: State of Dispassion towards the Object of Sense Organs: As explained by Dr. Parthasarthy INDRIYARTHESU VAIRAGYAM means a ‘state of dispassion towards the objects of sense organs’ or the absence of compelling drive for worldly pleasures and possessions’. In the wake of confronting numerous difficulties throughout everyday … Using the words of Vedanta to ‘see myself’ is like using my eyes to see colours.For the present day Manager, the value like Adhyatmajnana nityatvam, may be required in the form of siritual quotient. The Bhagavad Gita (or the Song of God) is a Hindu scripture produced from the colloquy given by Sri Krishna to Arjuna during the Mahabharat War. Nothing is really mine. Samadhana.means cittaikagrata, which literally indicates single pointed -ness of the mind. The Bhagavad Gita (commonly translated by religious scholars to mean “the Song of God’) is a 700-verse text that is unquestionably the best known of all the Hindu scriptures. Rokeach, M. ; The Nature of Human Value: Free Press, New York (1973), p.52.2.Kar, Bijayananda,Prof. “However men try to reach me, I return their love with my love; whatever path they may travel, it leads to me in the… I cannot claim exclusive permanent title to anything to land, to knowledge, to people, to things, or even to my own body-mind unit. In the case of Selfishness, the pratipaksa bhavana thoughts can often be reinforced by action as well. VALUE 4: KSANTI: Attitude of Accommodation: According to Swami(Dr.) Parthasarthy, Ksanti is a positive attitude (and not painful resignation) signifying ‘accommodation.’ The attitude of ksanti means that I cheerfully, calmly accept the extraction or demand that another person(or situation) should make, in order to conform to what I think would be pleasing to me. As a Manager,if some venture fails, look at the facts, learn from them if you can, and do whatever is now needed. Derived from the Sanskrit root ‘stha’ ‘to stand’, Sthairyath indicates constancy or perseverance. It is hoped that these values, if sincerely put into practice, will manifest attitudinal change in the mind of the modern day managers. This attitude is not conducive to the frame of mind which is receptive to the teaching of Vedanta, which stresses, © 2021 Times Internet Limited. For arjavam, my actions must be true to my words and my words true to my thoughts. The value must be built upon an understanding of the nature of people and relationships between them. I will never find in one person all qualities which I like, or all qualities which I dislike, having a mixture of things which I find appealing and others which I find non-appealing. From Sruti (scriptures) I know that Atma illuminates the mind But Atma is satcit-ananda: boundless, timeless, full of awareness, form-free, action-free; neither karta(doer) nor bhukta(enjoyer).Thus, Atma cannot be blamed, and, no condemnation of Self is required. Thus, there can be no real locus of jealousy for me . Suppose, someone may do an improper action which insults or injures me. It is particularly absurd because it brings even less comfort than manitvam to the mind which harbours it. Till then I will not be able to gain Indriyarthesu vairagyam, dispassion for sense objects. "Humanity needs to weep, and this is the time to weep" “No one who does good work will ever come to a bad end, either here or in the world to come” – Bhagavad Gita. Emotionally overwhelmed, Arjuna drops down, casts aside his bow and arrows, and decides to quit. These basic values, if sincerely developed , shall usher a mind, which is beautiful, proactive as objective instrument, quiet alert, and effective. (After all) Ahankara, ego does not create the people or circumstances but claims the result. A mind that reaches ecstasy over getting what it thinks it wants will also hit the bottom when loss or failure occurs.Samacittatvam is the state of mind which does not swing between elation and depression, but remains in equilibrium regardless of the situation. Pain or trouble coming from inside are adhyatmika, and from the outside adhibhautika, and from a heavenly source adhidavika. Thus, the attitudes and ways of thinking called jnanam values as specified have relevance for ever one., including the present day Manager. Thus, a possessory attitude, (whether it be towards house, money or one’s own body), rather than an ownership attitude, towards anything is a relief. He is indeed me. Then, some pretext is found to escape completion of the job. I see that personal credit for anything is irrelevant and cannot be substantiated. Daily life gains efficiency and cheerfulness-even radiance- when these values become personally assimilated norms. Self-condemnation also is an expression of ahankara ego, as it is antara asaucam, an impurity of the mind, to be cleaned by understanding that there is no ;locus for condemnation other than a particular thought. That I want to be a complete person and which, I am not(as I am), is the common human experience. VALUE 18: “ARATIH JANASAMSADI”: Non-Inclination Towards People and Company: Ratih means ‘love for something’ or ‘inclination towards’ it. Dambhitvam( self-glorification) brings with it the need to be ever alert and to have a long memory, while truth does not require any special remembering.Such expression to dambhitvam manifests because I think that through my pretences I will impress others who will then respond to me in a way that will make me feel good, as I do not feel good about myself. : Value Perspective in Indian Philosophy: Mittal Publications, New Delhi(2000);Preface page vi.3.3.Gupta, N. L. Dr.: Human Values for the 21st Century: Anmol Pubs.Pvt. The Bhagavad-Gita and UN declaration of Human Rights (1948) are the two pillars on which the research is based on. You were never born; you will never die. Service to the teacher (acaryopasanam) is a beautiful value as it inculcates a spirit of gratitude towards the teacher /person from whom the particular knowledge or skill has been acquired. My claim to knowledge is (also) spurious. This new post attempts to provide some further insights into the remaining qualities ( values 11-20)for jnanam (knowledge) espoused by Lord Krisna to Arjuna, as enshrined in Chapter 13 of the Bhagwad Gita. It is called dambha when 'I trumpet my glory for what is not there, when by design I give the impression that I am something, which I know I am not'. Vyadhi, disease,is some thing that goes with you all the time. More often than not, we resist accepting facts. It is also used to indicate specific aspects of the student-teacher relationship, including Gurukula vasa. However, it requires a certain discrimination in its exercise and care must be taken in choosing, as it can lead to exploitation of the value holder, if the teacher is not a responsible person. The whole Gita is a conversation between Arjuna and Lord Krishna on various subjects, clearing all doubts. Uncategorized. It also means having an overwhelming value for that goal so that it does not become eclipsed by other goals. -Mahatma Gandhiji "The Bhagavad-Gita is the most systematic statement of spiritual evolution of endowing value to mankind. But when I try to understand the cause behind the action(e.g. Asakti is reduction of all the relationships involving claims of ownership to factual relationships. Fettered no more by selfish attachments, they are neither elated by good fortune nor depressed by bad. Reflection and contemplation are concurrent but secondary means, being simply aid to sravanath. It is old age, which always jars, and it is always round the corner.There are two other dosas, vyadhi and duhkha, which may introduce themselves to you in infancy, perhaps even before birth. Such are the seers.” (Bhagavad Gita 2:56-57), “[Krishna speaking] Thinking of objects, attachment to them is formed in a man. No gain I obtain through effort is ever absolute. Each item in right may be used once, more than once, or not at all. Vinigraha means ‘restraint’ or ‘curbing’, which, with reference to this value is ‘mastery’ of the mind. According to Dr.(Swami) Parthasarthy,this Sanskrit word,' janma-mrityu jara-vyadhi-duhkha-dosa-anudar- sanam,' stands for a certain rigorously ( pursued) objective attitude towards life. What is the relationship between me, God and the creation? • Certificates are … The world is under a great debt of gratitude to Bhagavan Vyasa who presented this Song Celestial to humanity for the guidance of their daily conduct of life, spiritual upliftment and Self-realisation. Bhagavad-Gita has a profound influence on the spirit of mankind by its devotion to God which is manifested by actions. The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient Indian text that became an important work of Hindu tradition in terms of both literature and philosophy. Bhagavad Gita Quotes on Happiness: 1. The Sanskrit word ‘atma’ signifies the first person singular ‘I’. True saintliness makes one the most effective person possible in any situation or transaction, as he/she is totally objective. For an attitude of accommodation(ksanti) I should lessen my expectations from others and place every one, whether a friend or a fool, in the same category. Moreover, this value of accommodation(ksanti) when fully imbibed , will ultimate lead to the discovery of Self, which will further sensitise the Manager for understanding others(his seniors, subordinates and others concerned viz. In addition, the daily discipline of maintaining cleanliness brings about a certain attentiveness and alertness of mind. Like I maintain daily external cleanliness, each day, my mind must be cleaned until my false identification with the mind goes, in the knowledge of the Self When there is no daily cleaning outside or inside, the accumulation makes the task much more difficult.. We can clean the mind through pratipaksa bhavana, which means by being proactive and deliberately taking the ‘ opposite point of view’ and to willingly think the opposite of the unclean thought. Accept results as they come, factually. If this unique facility among all creatures given to us is ignored, then we will be living in ignorance. Ignorance is not something to which I proudly lay claim. So atma is within you and outside. Thus, it is a steadiness that neither yields to laziness nor is disturbed by distraction.In the management context , Sthairyath highlighted is nistha or firmness not only in seeking the total content of all knowledge, in which all other goals resolve, but also total commitment and steadfastness in one’s duty through appropriate and timely action, in which Sthairyath; steadiness is a prerequisite. . Aratih indicates lack of inclination towards something. When I view all results as coming to me directly from the hands of the Lord, samacittavah, the sameness of mind will come. For example, my house, which is made up of the materials available in an existent creation, assembled by or in accordance with the knowledge of countless human beings, is simply an aggregate structure available for my temporary possession and control. In the “Introduction” to the Bhagavad Gita (begin at page 13), Easwaren makes the following claim: “The gunas form the basis of the most compassionate account of human nature that I have come across in any philosophy or psychology, East or West. It has been suggested that the Bhagavad Gita was originally an independent text except for the first chapter; the Bhagavad Gita does not develop the action of the Mahabharata. Click Here for Your Bhagavad Gita Starter Kit! "With good wishes,Yours sincerely,Ved PrakashBlogspot http://www.vedic-ethicsvalues.- blogspot.com/. In the Bhagavad-Gita, it says: In this (spiritual) endeavor there is no loss or diminution, and a little advancement on this path can protect one from the most dangerous types of fear. Vairagya is a state of mind brought about by understanding, not compelled by a commitment to self-denial or deprivation. What I desire, what brings me pleasure, is subject to constant change, depending upon three factors: availability of object of pleasure, availability of the appropriate effective instrument for enjoying the object, and presence of the proper frame of mind for enjoying the object. As per doctrine of samatva all living forms must be treated equally. The attitude is simply grateful, graceful acceptance. ‘Meditation upon the teacher’, which means meditation upon the teachings by keeping the teacher(acarya who stands for the vision of the teaching) in one’s heart. VALUE 11: ANAHANKARA: Absence of Self-egotism: According to Dr.(Swami) Parthasarthy, Anahankara means ‘absence of the sense of ahankara, freedom from an individualized ' I-identification'. The world is filled with wonderful opportunities. Someone who seeks seclusion out of hatred of people is not expressing these values. According to Dr.(Swami) Parthasarthy, it is not the separateness of the place that makes the value. It is a companion for life and can take lifetimes to understand. what is behind the fit of anger or outburst of jealousy or domineering manner) and respond to the person( not to his actions) I find it easy to be accommodative, and the potential conflict situations are minimized. Ahankara, the Sanskrit word, indicates the conception of one’s own individuality(i.e. I appreciate the person”. We exist with all kinds of fears that are often buried deep inside us, only surfacing from time to time. The whole of atmavinigraha is a matter of alertness and awareness. The first ten values (1-10) have already been covered in the lasts posts. Neither get elated over getting what you want nor feel dejected when you get what you do not want. These are the three things which constitute Adhyatmajnana nityatvam ( constancy centered on Self-knowledge). His /her appreciation of given circumstances is not clouded by subjective conditioning. A possessory attitude with factual perspective promotes dispassion and objectivity. Aadhyatmika duhkha (internal pain) comprises the aches and pains and troubles of my individualized person, while adhibhautika dukha (external pain) is made up of the problems of the world around me, and adhidavika duhkha is the painful result of an event over which there is no control whatsoever, like a tidal wave or an erupting volcano.Therefore, we should bear in mind the nature of life, which is uncertain, painful and swiftly moving towards old age and death. Vice Chancellor Alok Kumar Rai said: “The Lucknow University with ISKCON Youth Forum is starting an online Bhagavad Gita certificate course for teachers.” The University had also signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with ISKCON, said Rai, who will also attend the … Reflecting upon them will certainly provide a keen insight and a profound grasp of the working of the mind, to make it more contemplative and steay. The Bhagavad Gita is presented as a conversation between Arjuna and Krishna, a man and a god, a seeker and a knower. Self-knowledge is not meant for obtaining merit(punya) nor for the avoidance of demerit(papa). VALUE 7: “SAUCAM”: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL CLEANLINESS: According to Swami(Dr.) Parthasarthy, Saucam is cleanliness in a two-fold sense: Bahya, outer cleanliness, and antara, inner cleanliness. Krishna sees Arjuna quitting and begins to persuade Arjuna that he should stick to his duty as a warrior and engage the enemy. Swami (Dr.) Parthasarthy has beautifully stated that "I do not ask the sun to quit shining and appreciate the mixed blessing of hot shining sun, nor do I hate honey bees for the fear of receiving a sting and appreciate the place of honey bee and enjoy honey." The factual response is the approach to situations of a truly practical person. There is no missionary zeal behind the publication of the Bhagavad Gita. Those who are (The root of the word Dharma, commonly translated as “duty”, derives from the Sanskrit root (dhr) – meaning “what holds things up or sustains. To become free from the compelling drive of raga, the desire for artha things, and kama pleasures, I must by analysis and discernment recognize that no number of things would ever make me secure nor could any amount of pleasure fill my sense of emptiness. Service to the teacher implies a whole frame of mind, characterized by surrender of personal ego, subordination of personal likes and dislikes, a willingness to give without demanding any return, and a general attitude of respect and devotion, towards the teacher. The name Bhagavad Gita means “the song of the Lord or the ‘manifested one.’”. No one should ever be able to disappoint me but should only be able to surprise me. Adhyatma means ‘centred on atma’ or spiritual, Jnana is ‘knowledge’. Bhagavad Gita 10.6 View commentary » The seven great Sages, the four great Saints before them, and the fourteen Manus, are all born from my mind. Moreover, when cionfronted with ethical dilemmas in making decisions, the interests of dear ones need be judged dispassionately and ignored, if necessary, if these clash with the overall organizational interests. This is a beautiful attitude which is not found very often in our society. Deliberately I search for reasons why others like him. In contrast, one with the wavering mind and lacking steadfastness will certainly prove a failure. Parmesvarat anyah mama spranam nasti. The value thing is the kind of mind which is happy with such a place. Like the Vedas and the Upanishads, the authorship of the Bhagavad Gita is unclear. Being a book of practical wisdom, Bhagavad Gita has much to offer to all human beings to grow as balanced personalities. A person’s worldview affects a person’s conscious which is the most important factor the determines whether a person takes and action or not. "Just as a mumuksu aspires for the knowledg eof of truth for his liberation(achievement of final goal), similarly the Manager should keep him/her-self adequately informed about all truths(factual information) impinging upon his/her organisation, so that he is fully armed with pertinent relevant data to assist hem/her in taking correct decision for achievement of the organisational goals. No accumulation of wealth is ever enough to silence the inner anxiety, no pleasure sufficient to bring lasting fulfillment. Vyadhi means disease; dukha means pain. 'Ahankara ego , and manitvam pride, are closely related, both born out of the same cause, that is ignorance of the relationship of the individualized sense of ‘I’ with the world. 2021 is going to be lucky for these three zodiac signs! Knowledge is always there. BG 2.40: Working in this state of consciousness, there is no loss or adverse result, and even a little effort … Commentary: The great danger we face is that we may not get the human form in the next life, and instead go into the lower species of life, such as animals, birds, … You have never changed; you can never change. Complete mastery is characterized by spontaneity. Like a saint, such a manager sadhaka clearly sees the facts for what they are and can make and act upon a fact-based judgment free from subjective interpretation or need. 1.11 List the six aggressors one can kill without sinful reaction. Hence, the need for an attitude of ksanti or accommodation. The Bhagavad- Gita is considered by eastern and western scholars alike to be among the greatest spiritual books the world has ever known. Then, I am objective about them. We may conclude this humble attempt with:vihaya kaman sarvan pumans carat nihsprhanirmamonirahankarah sa santim adhigacchati(Bhagwad Gita 2.71), " A person who has given up all desires for sense gratification, who lives free from desires, wwho has given up all sense of proprietorship and is devoid of false ego - he alone can attain realpeace. ~ Rishi Aurobindo "When I read the Bhagavad-Gita and reflect about how God created this universe everything else seems so superfluous" - … (19). Sravanam also includes the ‘hearing’ that occurs when one, by oneself, studies the written scriptures in order to find out what Vedanta has to say about oneself, about the world and about God.Vedanta unfolds what Lord Krisna calls jneyam which means ‘that –which- is- to- be- known’, that ultimate knowledge which is liberation itself. Sthairyath is: Karma nistha, swadharma nistha i.e. If Krsna is satisfied by one's actions, then everyone will be satisfied. Such a mind unsplit by internal conflict, undismayed by external adversity, has the best possible preparation for daily life as well as for facing the ethical dilemmas faced by the manager. Seeing all life as my manifestation, they are never separated from me.” (Bhagavad Gita 6:30). "The Song of God"), often referred to as the Gita, is a 700-verse Hindu scripture that is part of the epic Mahabharata (chapters 23–40 of Bhishma Parva), dated to the second century BCE.. What is this creation? Such values enhance the quality of life , whatever one’s activities may be. These basic values, if sincerely developed, shall usher a mind, which is beautiful, proactive as objective instrument, quiet alert, and effective. The Gita, as it is popularly known, is a part of the Hindu epic, Mahabharata, written by the sage Ved Vyasa. Analysis shows that no claim to ownership can survive close scrutiny. Allowed to remain, this resentment can build up to hatred, a painful, disturbing mental state. Its purpose is to explain in theory and practice all that is needed to raise the consciousness of man to the highest possible level. And it involves a radical re-reading of the Bhagavad Gita. I can never be author of knowledge. Now Bhagavad Gita classes for Lucknow Varsity teachers The University had also signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with ISKCON, said Rai, who will also attend the session with many other teachers. The Gita was written during a time of important social change in India, with kingdoms getting larger, increasing urbanization, more trade activity, and social conflict similar to what was happening when Jainism and Buddhism developed. It inspires universal ethics to follow for the survival of humanity. To be contemplative means to be able to face yourself happily. View all situations as they occur, factually, with a mind unshaken by emotional intensity- a mind that simply decides what is to be done and directs the doing of it.When something happens that you like, don’t get elated. Therefore, until my ethical values become thoroughly assimilated and comprise a ground out of which right attitudes and actions spontaneously arise, I must, through alertness, avoid reactions and, instead, deliberately, reflectively choose my attitudes and actions. Life begins with janma (birth), along with comes mrityu, death, the inseparable mirror-twin of birth. The LU has decided to start an online Bhagavad Gita certificate course for the faculty members from Thursday. It is a mind ready for any study or pursuit. What, if any thing, does it mean to me right at this moment that I am a ‘thou’ which is’ that’? The hopes of the Pandava faction rest largely on the martial prowess of Arjuna. Who am I? Bhagavad-Gita study guide contains literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. I am happy to see the happiness of this person. Bhagavad-Gita 2.40. By such thought I nip the jealousy in the bud. Constancy in spirituality will certainly help him inculcate moral and ethical values to sensitise him/her as a more human being than functioning like a machine, in the ultimate reckoning. Inspirational Quotes from the Bhagavad Gita (Hindu Scripture) There are two ways of passing from this world – one in light and one in darkness. Particular knowledge shapes the effort, which does the job.Thus, there is one category moksa(liberation) where "TATTVAJANANARTHADARSANAM”fi- ts.This value signifies ' keeping in sight the goal of moksa, complete freedom from the human sense of of bondage (limitation,incompleteness,ina- dequacy) by the seeker called mumuksu, who never loses sight of the freedom he seeks or compromises or settle for a lesser thing'. 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